Kermes oak

© C. Bellanger - Parc national des Calanques


The Kermes oak is a very bushy shrub, that can be recognised by its small, thorny leaves which scratch the legs of walkers! It is found everywhere in the National Park where it adjusts to the most arid terrain thanks to its extensive root system. In addition to allowing the shrub to dig deep down for water, these encourage rapid regrowth following a fire.

Scientific name

Quercus coccifera

Where and when can you see it?

  • Natural habitats: Garrigue scrubland
  • Flowering season: April to May

Did you know?

Generally the Kermes oak grows as a low, dense shrub but may, occasionally if conditions permit, grow more than two metres tall.

Conservation stake


How can I help to protect it?

  • I keep to the trails
  • I look but I don’t touch