Parc national des Calanques
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Holly oak


Contrary to some trees, the holly oak does not lose its leaves in autumn. It keeps them over several season! This is why it remains green throughout the year. Its leaves are different from those of other oak species because they are whole, smooth and hairy on their underside. Adapted to calcareous land, it resists both frost and very hot conditions

Scientific names

Querçus Ilex

Where and when can you see it?

  • Natural habitats: Forests
  • Flowering season: April to May

Did you know?

In young holly oaks the leaves are thorny and then become smooth in adult trees.

Conservation stake


How can I hrlp to protect it?

  • I keep to the trails
  • I look but I don’t touch